The dense forests and fast flowing
rivers are the specialities of district Bahraich. There are many Mythological
facts about the great historical value of district Bahraich. It was famous as
the Capital of God Brahma, the maker of universe. It was also known as part of
Gandharva Forest. Even today North east area of several hundred square Kms of
the district is covered by the forest. It is said that Brahma ji deveoloped this
forest covered area as the place of worship for Rishis & Sadhus. Therefore
this place come to known as " Brahmaich"
According to some other historians
in the middle age this place was the capital of "Bhar" dynasty. Therefore it was
called as "Bharraich". Which later come to be known as "Bahraich".
Famous Chinese visitors Hwaintsang
& Feighyaan visted this place. The famous Arab visitor Ibne-ba-tuta visted
Bahraich and wrote that Bahraich is a beautiful city situated at the bank of
holy river Saryu.
According to Puraans King Luv, the
son of God Ram & King Prasenjit ruled Bahraich. Also during the period of
exile Pandavas & along with mother Kunti visited this place.
The guru of Maharaja Janak , Rishi
Ashtwakra used to live here. Rishi Valmiki & Rishi Balark also used to live
Role of Bahraich during First
Freedom Struggle of 1857
On February 7, 1856 Resident General
Outrem declared the rule of Company on Awadh. Bahraich was made the centre of a
divison & Mr. Wingfield was appointed as its commissioner.
Due to kingdom grabbing policy of
Lord Dalhousie the hole nation was against the Britishers rule. Agents of leader
of freedom struggle , Nana Saheb & Bahadur Shah Jafar were compaigning
against British rule. During the compaign Peshwa Nana Saheb visited Bahraich to
have a confidential meeting with local rulers. The meeting was held at a place
presently know as "Gullabeer" on the exhortation of Nana Saheb king of Bhinga ,
Baundi , Chahlari , Rehua , Charda etc gathered at this place & promised
Nana Sheb for freedom struggle till death.
King Vir Balbhadra Singh of Chahlari
also actively participated in freedom struggle. In Bahraich also mutiny started
as soon as it started in Awadh.
During that time Commissioner was
posted is Karnailganj , Mr. C. W. Canlif , Dy Commissioner , Lt. Lag Bailey
& Mr. Jorden were there in Bahraich along with two companies. The struggle
of Bahraich was on a very large scale. All the Raikwar kings were against
Britishers rule with all public support. When the struggle started all the
three British officer moved towards Himalayas via Nanpara. But the soldiers of
revolting kings blocked these way.
So they returned to Bahraich in
order to go to Lucknow. But when they reached near Behram Ghat ( Ganeshpur ) all
the boats were under the control of revolting soldiers. Which ensued serious
struggle and all the three officers were killed. And whole district came under
the control of freedom fighters.
Power of freedom fighters started
decaying , after the loss of Lucknow. On 27 Nov. 1857 king of Chahlari Balbhadra
Singh lost his life during the war with Britishers near Chinhat. Even Britishers
praised his bravery. King of Bhitauni also faught & lost his
On 26 Dec. 1858 British Army
captured Nanpara. The whole Nanpara was ruinned to rubbles. The soldiers of
freedom fighters started to gather on the fort of Bargadia. A great struggle
took place there. Approx. 4000 soldiers fled and took shelter in the better fort
of Masjidia but Britisher again destroyed the Fort. And war took place at
Dharmanpur. Lord Clive moved towards the other soliers who were residing on the
banks of river Rapti. He thrashed them away to Nepal.
On 27 Dec. 1858 British army moved
towards Charda. And after the war of 2 days British army captured it. On 29 Dec.
1858 British army returned to Nanpara.
Britishers won the first freedom struggle on the basis of their superior armed
Bahraich During Freedom
Second freedom struggle started in
Bahraich with the establishment of congress party in 1920. Baba Yugal Bihari ,
Shyam Bihari Panday , Murari Lal Gaur & Durga Chand established Congress
party in district in 1920. During those days Home Rule League party was also
active. Baba Vindhyavasini Prasad, Raghupati Sahay Firak Gorakhpuri & Pd.
Gauri Shanker visited Bahraich to increase the influence of congress. Under the
president ship of Diwan Paragidas congress was recognized with the workers of
home rule League. Smt. Sarojni Naidu visited Bahraich in 1926 & appealed
all the workers for self rule & wear Khadi. In Feb. 1920 total strike was
called in Nanpara , Jarwal & Bahraich Town to oppose Simon
In 1929 Gandhi ji visited Bahraich
& held a public meeting in old Govt. High School ( Now known as Maharaj
Singh Inter College). A sum of Rs 3500/= was presented to him for the welfare of
Harijans. Like other parts of the Nation there was a sharp reaction in Bahraich
also when Gandhiji started his salt movement. On 6th May 1930 there was total
Strike. Salt Law was also broken. All the prominent leaders were arrested. Next
day a great procession took place & an effigy of British rule was burnt. On
6th October 1931 Pd Jawaher Lal Nehru visited Bahraich & held public meeting
at Rampurwa , Hardi, Gilaula & Ikauna.
For Satyagrah of Gandhi ji 762
people provided their names. Out of which 371 were arrested. When Gandhi ji was
arrested during quit India Movement on 9th Aug. 1942 there was a sharp reaction
in the distt. A huge procession took place. All the local leaders were arrested.
In 1946 the lines were drawn for final freedom struggle. 15th Aug. 1947 the day
of freedom was celebrated with great enthusiasm. Approx 1375 refugees from
Pakistan come to Bahraich & they were rehabilitated in the